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Georges Charpak, Particle Detectors, and Multiwire Chambers
Nobel laureate Georges Charpak [was] a pioneer in the art and science of particle detection … . [He] developed a host of particle detectors used throughout experimental particle physics. In 1968, he invented and developed the first multiwire proportional chamber, for which he won the [Physics] Nobel Prize in 1992 … .
The multiwire chamber differed from earlier detectors in the speed with which it could record particle tracks from a collision—millions per second, rather than one or two per second for bubble chambers. The speed of the multiwire chamber and its successor technologies, along with their extraordinary precision, led to a revolution in particle physics … . The technology that Charpak pioneered also finds applications in medicine and industry.
Charpak developed the wire chamber design that CDF used for its central tracking chamber.
Edited excerpts from Georges Charpak, Detector Pioneer …, Fermilab Today, September 30, 2010
Additional information about Georges Charpak, particle detectors, and multiwire chambers is available in electronic documents and on the Web.
The K0 anti K0 System, DOE Technical Report, July 1967
Evolution of Some Particle Detectors Based On the Discharge in Gases, DOE Technical Report, November 1969
High Accuracy, Two-Dimensional Read-Out in Multiwire Proportional Chambers, DOE Technical Report, February 1973
High-Accuracy Measurements of the Centre of Gravity of Avalanches in Proportional Chambers, DOE Technical Report, September 1973
Inclusive Hadronic Production Cross Sections Measured in Proton-nucleus Collisions at √s =27.4 GeV, DOE Technical Report, April 1986
Georges Charpak: Hardwired for Science (Interview), CERN Courier, February 23, 2009
Interview with Georges Charpak (video)
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