Alexei Abrikosov and Superconductivity
"Abrikosov's research [at ANL] centers on condensed-matter physics (the structure and behavior of solids and liquids), and concentrates on superconductivity, the ability of some materials to carry electrical current without resistance. He was the first to propose the concept of "type-II superconductors" in 1952 and constructed the theory of their magnetic properties, known as the Abrikosov vortex lattice.
His wide-ranging career has also included research in quantum electrodynamics (the theory of elemental particle interactions) and astrophysics, in which he studied the properties of hydrogen planets. He has also worked on the theory of semimetals and plasma physics, the behavior of materials under high pressures, and the theory of quantum liquids. ...
Superconductivity is the ability of some materials to conduct electricity without resistance when they are chilled to extremely low temperatures. Superconducting magnets are used to produce powerful magnetic fields for the standard body scanning technique called magnetic resonance imaging, or MRI. ...
Ginzburg–Landau Equations for the Extended Saddle-point Model, Abrikosov, A.A.; Physical Review B: Condensed Matter, Vol. 56, Issue 1: 446–52; July 1, 1997
Additional Web Pages:
Alexei Abrikosov–Distinguished Argonne Scientist
Nobel Lecture by Alexei A. Abrikosov, nobelprize.org (video)
Interview with Anthony J. Leggett and Alexei A. Abrikosov, nobelprize.org (video)
Honors and Awards:
Abrikosov Enters National Academy of Sciences, (2000), Argonne News 06/05/00
|Other honors and awards received by Abrikosov include:|
|•||Fellow of the American Physical Society (1992)|
|•||Foreign Honorary Member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences (1991)|
|•||International John Bardeen Award (1991).|